Sheffield is a City in South Yorkshire in the North of England. The City was part of the original West Riding of Yorkshire, one of the three historic subdivisions of Yorkshire that closely followed the historic boundaries for the area. Sheffield has a population of just over half a million making it one of the eight largest regional English cities that make up the Core Cities Group and is the third largest English district by population.
Sheffield is first thought to have been inhabited for nearly 13,000 years since the late Upper Palaeolithic period with the earliest evidence of human occupation found at Creswell Crags to the east of Sheffield. Several of the hill forts that can be seen in the local area have been attributed to a Pennine tribe called the Brigantes who were dominant in the area during the Iron Age.
Sheffield’s affinity with steel rose to prominence in the 1740’s when a process that was discovered led to the production of a higher quality of steel. This and the development of ‘silver plating’, a process which fused a thin sheet of silver onto a copper ingot and which became known as ‘Sheffield Plate’ spurred Sheffield’s growth as a burgeoning industrial town.
Although many of Sheffield’s Steel factories and production have been replaced by cheaper, foreign manufacturing the City has been the subject of some major redevelopment in recent years. Sheffield One, the local agency responsible for redevelopment has completed several local projects including the Millennium Galleries, the Peace Gardens, the Millennium Square and two further projects that included residential, commercial and retail developments, City Lofts Tower and the accompanying St. Paul's Place.